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Africa Amphitheatre – An Historic Big Wall on Table Mountain

Climbing Cape Town

Africa Amphitheatre is that big wall on Table Mountain overlooking the city centre of Cape Town, a few hundred metres east of the upper cableway station. It is the royal wall on a regal mountain.

The mighty bowl of steep rock derives its name from the ravine below it. Seen from the city centre the ravine produces an outline the shape of Africa. This is the origin of the ‘Africa’ route names.

Early Rock Climbing History of Africa Amphitheatre

The first rock climbs on Table Mountain were made in the mid-1890s – routes such as Arrow Face and Right Face. In 1914, the first year of World War I, the standard of climbing got a big leg-up when Bill Cobern, Florence Humphries, Frank Humphries and AP Stanford made the first ascent of Africa Face on the right side of Africa Amphitheatre. Florence Humphries was a talented swimmer and gymnast and was to have a decades-long career of excellent climbs and first ascents (First ascent of Postern Frontal, first woman to climb Nefdt’s route on Toverkop etc). Stanford was emerging as a leading climber (first ascent of Africa Corner, Wormhole etc), but his life was to end soon in the trenches of Flanders in the dying days of the war in 1918.

Table Mountain Climbing history
Florence and Frank Humphries


Table Mountain Climbing history
AP Stanford

The next new-route action around Africa Amphitheatre took place in 1925 when the pocket rocket George Londt, with his party, climbed Gardener Crag on the left side of the amphitheatre. In the 1920s Londt took local climbing to a new level. Amongst others, he established the world class Klein Winterhoek Frontal and climbed Kilimanjaro in 1925 when he spent a night in the summit crater. Londt took a leader fall on Rainbow Crag, Table Mountain, when he was killed. The year was 1927 and he was 37 years old.

Table Mountain Climbing history
George Londt

It was another twenty years before Ship Shipley, Les Schaff, Peggy O’Neill and party made a route in 1945 called Gardener Wall. The route combined the left and the right sides by a very long walking traverse on a ledge. Les Schaff was a phenomenal climber and established many great routes including the ground-breaking, hard Valken Frontal.

Table Mountain Climbing history
Ship Shipley, Peggy O’Neill and Les Schaff


In 1959 Paul White and Jannie Graaf established the wiggly Avernus on the left. Paul was a standout climber (First ascents of Fingertip Face, Vertigo, Fernwood Precipice, Touch and Go) but was to die at just 44 years old in an abseiling accident on Klaasen’s Buttress, above Orange Kloof, Hout Bay in 1967.

Table Mountain Climbing history
Paul White


Modern Times

In 50 years of development all the routes had avoided the steep and daunting centre of Africa Amphitheatre. But this changed in 1967 when the immensely talented 25 year old Keith Fletcher turned his attention to the steep stuff. On the third outing Keith, with Don Hartley (20) and Rick Williams (30), made the first direct ascent of this wall. They named their 18 pitch route Africa Amphitheatre. It is brilliant and it commands respect to this day.

Table Mountain Climbing history
Keith Fletcher leading the crux pitch on Africa Amphitheatre during the second ascent with Mike Scott


Recent photo of Keith Fletcher

Keith Fletcher has had two fantastic adventure careers – in climbing and sailing. In Cape climbing he is known for his routes Exposure in F Major, Du Toit’s Peak Column, Africa Amphitheatre, Oscillation and North by North West. These routes are fantastic! Keith’s brother Barry is equally legendary in Cape climbing circles (Touch and Go etc). Don Hartley has been a leading light in Cape climbing (First ascents of Magnetic Wall, Roulette etc), alpinism and he has been a top, top, top marathon runner (won the Two Oceans Ultra Marathon twice!). Rick Williams has had a phenomenal Cape climbing career (First ascents of Champs Elysees, Fernwood Precipice Direct, Krakadouw Amphitheatre, Touch and Go, Hot Dogger, etc)

Recent photo of the author, Don Hartley, Barry Fletcher and Rick Williams


In 1970 the legendary Mike Scott (First ascent of the East Face of the Central Tower of Paine, Apollo, Roulette, Magnetic Wall etc) and Gabriel Athiros opened Africa Sideburn. The route starts a bit left and goes up and right.

Table Mountain Climbing history
Mike Scott on the crux pitch of Africa Amphitheatre during the second ascent with Keith Fletcher


Africa Safari

In 2014 the visionary Tinie Versfeld set about a bold, direct line to the left of Africa Amphitheatre. He invested a huge amount of effort, largely on his own, in working out a clean, straight route and in scrubbing off lichen. In 2014 Tinie and his great friend Dave Birkett, a stone mason from the Lake District in England and one of the top trad climbers in the world for the last 25 years, opened Africa Safari. The route is incredible. It is straight and hard with some crazy climbing, but onsightable for good weekend warriors. Tinie had added a pearl to his wonderful collection of first ascents including Automatic for the People, Africa Arete, No Longer at Ease, Synapse and Australopithecus.

Tinie Versfeld leading the holdless chimney at the top of Africa Safari during the second ascent with Hilton Davies

Roof of Africa

In 2016 Tinie and I set about work on a next-level line in Africa Amphitheatre… if it could work. Twenty-three working trips on that wall followed, with many wild experiences along the way. We dislodged a boulder that almost made it to the contour path. Tinie dropped a rock onto my barefoot that split my big toe open. We took some wild falls into space. We had many visits by Tahrs and birds of prey, and a wonderful close encounter with a caracal on the big traverse ledge.

After two years of working the route we grabbed Dave Birkett on one of his holidays to Cape Town and we abseiled in with big packs. At a halfway ledge we off-loaded our kit that included sleeping bags, food, stove etc, then continued to the bottom.

In perfect conditions I led the first pitch which gives a nice warmup at 21. Tinie sent the second thin-and-technical pitch which gives a nice spicy lead at 23. Dave took the third pitch which is a really hard and fearsome 26. Then it was Tinie on the Postbox Pitch, a lovely clean wall with sparse gear that goes at 24, then me on the Hanging Corners Pitch that involves a lot of overhanging pulling going at anywhere between 23 and 26 depending on how you do it. Next, Dave was deployed on the Synapsy Face. This big pitch starts with a big roof that is really hard at the lip, then for 30m it does leftwards, thin railing and pulling through small roofs. It is brutally hard but Dave sent it in about an hour. It goes at British E7 6C or 28+. Tinie and I couldn’t pull it all off, but I achieved my best, with about three metres where I French-freed.

Above the Synapsy Face we were onto our grassy bivvy ledge where we spent a warm and still summer’s night that was magical.

Dave Birkett leading pitch 3 of Roof of Africa during the first ascent
Hilton Davies leading pitch 5 of Roof of Africa during the first ascent
Dave Birkett leading pitch 6 of Roof of Africa during the first ascent
Tinie Versfeld and Dave Birkett on the bivvy ledge

In the morning we were up and going before the sun landed on us. I had to stretch the fatigued muscles up the steep take-off but at only 22 or so it wasn’t too bad for sore bodies. Next Tinie took the Big Roof which entails some wild gymnastics to climb the horizontal roof crack and then get around a tough lip. Tinie was cool and groovy and despatched his 23 pitch. Then Dave had to confront the beast. He had to lead a pitch that hadn’t been led before. It begins upside down through a big roof then starts with great difficulty up a tough wall. We split the belay with a rope on each side of the nose-like roof and Dave worked the upside-down part for an hour before he went off and didn’t return. To avoid a long fall he had to run out the difficult top 10m without gear to get to the stance. It was a great relief that he pulled it off – and especially since it was by this time a furnace on the wall. The Boulder Pitch is a bouldery grade E7 6C / 28. Tinie and I used what trickery we could to quickly get past the bottom desperate part. All that was left was for me to finish off the top wall at around 20 or 21.

We hauled packs, coiled ropes, took a wee dram of the remaining Tullamore Dew and went home happy.

Tinie Versfeld leading pitch 8 of Roof of Africa during the first ascent


Dave Birkett leading pitch 9 of Roof of Africa during the first ascent


Hilton, Dave and Tinie having sent Roof of Africa

Post Script

There is more to come. I’m working a new line on the right with Tinie and a new line on the left with Richard Halsey.

Photo topo of Roof of Africa (red), Africa Safari (blue) and Africa Amphitheatre (yellow)


  1. What a great read and wonderful history!

    Thank you Hilton!

  2. Great effort in both the route and the write-up!

  3. Awesome new route and a great historical perspective as always Hilton!

  4. Thanks Mario, Carl and Hector..!

  5. An interesting thing about this wall is that there are quite a few ledges where you can walk from one route to another. The main ones being:
    big ledge after pitch 1,
    the Right Face Arrow Face Traverse,
    half way up Safari’s Anvil Pitch,
    the discontinuous extension of Africa Ledge, and
    the Bivvy Ledge which is a discontinuous extension of Upper Africa Ledge.

    This means you can pick from the buffet to get whatever suits you.
    An amazing combo that would be onsight-able by strong climbers is-

    P1. Africa Safari (21)
    P2. Africa Safari (20)
    P3. Africa Safari’s Anvil Pitch to half way (22)
    P4. Roof of Africa Post Box Pitch (24)
    P5. Roof of Africa Hanging Corners Pitch (23/24)
    P6. Africa Safari’s Blunt Arete Pitch (22)
    P7. Roof of Africa Bivvy Ledge Pitch (22)
    P8. Roof of Africa Big Roof Pitch (23)
    P9. Africa Safari Slot Pitch – just for the slot itself (22)
    P10. Roof of Africa Top Pitch (20)

    I think this would be the Africa Amphitheatre Best of the Best Lite.

    In my opinion, the Africa Amphiteatre Best of the Best Full Package would be the same as the above, but switch P6. Instead of Africa Safari’s Blunt Arete do Roof of Africa’s Synapsy Face (one of the best pitches anywhere, ever). Now that would be a killer route for very good climbers to onsight!
    Clinton, Jimbo, Douw, Willem, Squeaks, Phlip, Danie, Gosia…..?

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